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Pre-historic era of Radomsko region.

This exhibition is based on previous archeological excavations from Radomsko region. The earliest artifacts date back to the Stone Age, when people were hunting and fishing and using primitive stone and flint tools. They were frequently changing their place of stay looking for migrating deer, leaving traces of small, contemporary settlements.

Paleolithic, the earliest era of the Stone Age, is represented by flint and stone tools, which were used for hunting and self-defence, found in Gojść upon Warta River, Rezjowie, Kolonia Krery and Pieńki Krzywańskie. The whole exhibition includes flint cores, scrapers, scratchers, gravers and spearheads. Stone workshops were discovered by the River Warta, in the vicinity of Trzebca, Gojść, and Patrzyków.

Mesolithic period was dominated by microlitic tools (small arrow and spear heads found in Holendry, Piaszczyce, Antoniów, Blok Dobryszycki and Zakrzówek). Small size of tools was a result of improved technology of flint processing

In the Neolite period Polish lands had begun to be populated by first agriculture tribes living a settled life, breeding animals and producing clay vessels. The Museum exhibitions features a wide range of ceramics from the period (especially large number of vessel fragments decorated with rope imprints patterns), stone hatchets, and flint axes.

A mammoth tusk is an interesting exhibit, coming from the Stone Age and found in near-located brown coal strip mine.

The Bronze Age, which lasted from 1800 B.C. till 650 B.C., is represented by artifacts and monuments of the Łużyce Culture. People of the culture had achieved a settled life, using tools and decorations made of bronze. The culture left many traces such as settlements and vast cemetery places. Two of cemeteries were discovered in Pratkowice and Strzelce Wielkie. Burial ceremony featured burning of bodies on a stack, and then ashes were put into pits or clay vessels. Many graves were equipped with smaller clay vessels and bronze decorations.

In the cemetery site in Pratkowice . In the Pratkowice cemetery site brown razors, necklace, bracelet, bodkin and ring were found; in Pajęczno clay plate, bone beads and bronze–wire necklace were found. The artifacts from the Bronze Age were also found in Ładzice and Stróża.

Apart from Łużyce Culture artifacts the Museum also features items of Trzciniec, Unietycz and Mierzanowice Cultures. The exhibitions features one reconstructed ash–vessel.

In the Iron Age the people of Lużyce culture were plagued by numerous raids and tribe fights. It forced them to build defended gords. In this period of time Pomeranian Culture had developed. Dobryszyce village is the site where the chest burial from this period was found.
The most important site from the Iron Age is the ash–vessel cemetery representing Przeworsk culture and Rome period. Many items were found there, e.g.: buckles, chest iron furniture, shield iron furniture, spearheads, ritually bent sword and also bone comb, glass beads, vessels disfigured by fire, etc. Furthermore fragments of „terra sigillata” vessel were found, what may be the evidence of strong ties between the Przeworsk Culture people and Rome Provinces.

In medieval period burial ceremony was changed from crematory to skeletal. In the early–medieval cemetery site in Silniczka following items were found: iron sword, helmet, spear and arrow heads, bead necklaces and wooden bucket iron rim fragments.



Copyright © 2000 – 2008 Zdzisław Wiśniewski  Wszelkie prawa zastrzeżone.